Academic English for Biology ANSWER KEY

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The Academic English for Biology ANSWER KEY book is specifically designed for students planning to start a University Biology program, which is taught in primarily in English. The aim of the book is to develop your knowledge of academic and scientific norms and to improve your skills in the following areas:

  • reading and understanding Biology articles
  • understanding Biology lectures and how to recording notes of the main topics
  • τη συγγραφή για διαφορετικά ακροατήρια και σκοπούς μέσα στον ίδιο κλάδο
  • την αποτελεσματική συμμετοχή σας σε ακαδημαϊκά σεμινάρια και συζητήσεις
  • την προετοιμασία και σχεδιασμό αποτελεσματικών επιστημονικών παρουσιάσεων
  • τη βελτίωση του ακαδημαϊκού λεξιλογίου και των εμφανών χαρακτηριστικών γραμματικής
  • τη βελτίωση των ακαδημαϊκών δεξιοτήτων γραφής και των ακαδημαϊκών συμβάσεων
  • τη βελτίωση των ακαδημαϊκών δεξιοτήτων μελέτης όπως ο προγραμματισμός και η λήψη σημειώσεων
  • τη βελτίωση της κριτικής σας αντίληψης και έκφρασης
  • τη βελτίωση ανεξάρτητων ερευνητικών πρακτικών

Το παρόν εγχειρίδιο παρέχει τις λύσεις των ασκήσεων του βασικού βιβλίου Academic English for Biology.


1 Review of Scientific Method and Inorganic Chemistry for biologists
Science basics, units, quantities, abbreviations and symbols, steps in the scientific
method, atomic structure, chemical bonds, acids/ bases, redox reactions, types of
energy, thermodynamics’ laws
Academic presentation skills
Using visuals to enhance the impact of your presentation
Academic reading skills
Skimming and scanning
Academic vocabulary skills
Academic word lists and collocations
English for Chemistry skills
Reading a chemical formula
Note-taking skills
Linear style with abbreviations and symbols

2 Introduction to organic chemistry and key biomolecules
Functional groups, polymers, conformations, isomers, lipids, carbohydrates, protein
structure and function, Nucleic acids and base pairings, DNA/RNA comparison
Academic presentation skills
Making Comparisons in science: Venn diagrams
Academic vocabulary skills
Synonyms; Vocabulary use in context
Academic writing skills
Introduction to paraphrasing; using synonyms
Academic writing skills
Paragraph cohesion and coherence
Peer reviewing student sample paragraphs

3 Enzyme Biochemistry
Activation energy, substrates, inhibition and regulation of enzyme activity, factors
affecting enzyme function, glycolysis pathway, Krebs cycle
Note-taking skills
Lecture cues and signposting language: identifying moves in a lecture
Academic vocabulary skills
Word families
Confusing words
Adverbs: degree, opinion, frequency, manner
Academic writing skills
In-text citations and references; Why and how we use them
Introduction to formality and academic style
Note-taking practice
Lecture on respiration and ATP
Noticing (in)formality: Transition from informal to formal language

4 Cell Biology and Cell Division
Phospholipid bilayers, active and passive transport, nucleus, ribosome function,
microtubules and microfilaments, chloroplast.
The cell cycle, chromosome, and chromosome segregation, cytokinesis, stages in
Academic presentation skills
Making analogies to enhance the impact of your presentation; Note-taking
Academic reading skills
Skimming (subheadings, titles, or topic sentences)
Academic vocabulary skills

5 DNA Replication Processes & Steps; Transcription & Translation
DNA replication, DNA polymerase, DNA’s leading and lagging strands, transcription of
mRNA, regulation of gene expression, intron and exon splicing, codons, translation of
mRNA to protein
Academic presentation skills
Using mind maps to organise ideas and concepts
Academic vocabulary skills
Word formation and use in context
Academic writing skills
Style: Avoiding wordiness
Accuracy: Subject-verb agreement

6 Experimental language in common biological techniques
DNA plasmids, restriction enzymes and ligase, electroporation, heat shock
transformation, bacterial transformation, recombinant DNA
Academic discussion skills
Expressing negative purpose
Note-taking practice
Introduction to Plasmids
Academic vocabulary skills
Laboratory equipment
Definitions/Confusing words in science
Academic writing skills
Style: Focusing on language of experimental data
Common pitfalls in scientific writing: ambiguity, personification, contractions, numerals
and phrasal verbs
Laboratory report structure
Constructing a hypothesis
Style: Scientific tables and graphs: Formatting
Peer-reviewing a student’s sample laboratory report
Note-taking practice
Following instructions and revising a manuscript after teacher feedback
Academic writing skills
Nominalisations in scientific writing
Peer-Reviewing student sample summaries
Note-taking practice
Summary practice
Lecture on Meiosis

7 Genetics; Principles of heredity; Genetic Mutation
Allele properties, Mendel’s first and second laws, exceptions to simple dominance and
independent assortment, chromosomal linkage
Academic vocabulary
Inferring the meaning of new words from context
Style: Distinction between subject-specific and general academic words
Style: Avoiding negative statements: using prefixes or antonyms
Prepositions and nouns made up of prepositions or prepositional prefixes
Academic writing skills
Style: Phrasal verbs in science and formal writing
Verbs of reference/citations
Note-taking practice

8 From Plant cell to Plant development
Plant cell structure, plant stem and leaf structures, shoot system growth, root
system, nitrogen, xylem and phloem, sporophytes, tropisms, seasonal growth cycles,
mechanisms in plant development
Academic presentation skills
Predicting what’s coming up in a lecture; presentation approaches
Academic vocabulary
Word formation and use in context
Compound words in biology
Common prefixes and suffixes
Academic writing skills
Style: Academic caution
Note-taking skills
Identifying key points in a lecture
Advances in Materials Science and Biology: Bioluminescence and “glow in the dark” plants

9 Ecology, Evolutionary change and Bioethics
Energy flow in an ecosystem, competition, population density, conservation biology,
biogeochemical cycling/ the theory of evolution, the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium,
natural selection and adaptation, allopatric and sympatric speciation; Theories on the
origin of life on Earth
Academic vocabulary skills
Definitions and word usage in context
Academic writing skills
Paraphrasing strategies
Cause and effect devices as paraphrases tools
Cause and effect as a paraphrasing tool
Evaluative language
Favouring and unfavouring others’ views
Writing an argumentative essay
Peer-reviewing student samples

10 Animal diversity and development
Animal diversity, embryonic development in the early stages, gastrulation, hox genes,
cell fate, fate mapping
Academic vocabulary
Inferring the meaning of new words from context
Academic writing revision
Academic writing strategies
Avoiding wordiness
Academic writing skills
Genre analysis: Comparing style of informal sources of information to scholarly articles.
Rewriting an informal article so that it adheres to academic conventions
Academic vocabulary skills
Vocabulary Synonyms
Note-taking practice
Fate mapping

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Κατσαμποξάκη-Hodgetts Κάλλια | Disigma Store

Κατσαμποξάκη-Hodgetts Κάλλια

Η Κάλλια Κατσαμποξάκη-Hodgetts είναι κάτοχος Master in Teaching English as a Foreign Language (MED TEFL, University of Bristol, UK).

Εργάζεται στο Πανεπιστήμιο Κρήτης από το 2001 ως καθηγήτρια αγγλικών στη Σχολή Θετικών και Τεχνολογικών Επιστημών. Είναι συγγραφέας του βιβλίου "English For Chemistry EAP” και πολλών άλλλων εγχειριδίων που αφορούν Ακαδημαικά Αγγλικά για Φυσική, Αγγλικά για Τεχνολογία Υλικών, Αγγλικά για Μαθηματικά και Αγγλικά για Βιολογία. Έχει διδάξει επίσης μια σειρά μαθημάτων ESP, όπως Αγγλικά για Επιχειρήσεις, Αγγλικά για Γραμματείς και τα Αγγλικά για τον Τουρισμό. Έχει επίσης σχεδιάσει και υλοποιήσει διαδικτυακά μαθήματα ελεύθερης πρόσβασης (1. Ακαδημαϊκά Αγγλικά 2. Διδακτική προσέγγιση της Εξεταστικής των Επιστημών Αγωγής) και είναι ο συντονιστρια του διευνους θερινού μάθηματος «Ακαδημαϊκά Αγγλικά για Απόφοιτους Χημείας» στο Πανεπιστήμιο Κρήτης. Η κα Κατσαμποξάκη-Hodgetts παραδίδει διαλέξεις και σεμινάρια στην Ευρώπη για Τεχνική Συγγραφή σε Μεταπτυχιακούς φοιτητές που επιθυμούν να δημοσιεύσουν σε ακαδημαικά περιοδικά.

Τα ερευνητικά της ενδιαφέροντα περιλαμβάνουν τη συνεργατική γραφή σε Αγγλικά για Ειδικούς Σκοπούς (ΑΕΣ), Peer-feedback ως εργαλείο μάθησης, Διδασκαλία των φυσικών Επιστημών μέσα από την Διερ’ευνηση (IBSE), Dictogloss, και Genre-analysis ως εργαλείο μάθησης.

Ms. Kallia Katsampoxaki-Hodgetts holds a Masters of Education in Teaching English as a Foreign Language (MED TEFL, University of Bristol, UK).

Ms Katsampoxaki-Hodgetts teaches in-sessional English for Academic Purposes programmes in the School of Science and Technology of the University of Crete (UOC) since 2001 and she is the author of the textbook "English For Chemistry EAP" currently used in class. She has also designed and run online open access courses (1. Academic English 2. Teaching approaches of Inquiry Based Science Education- IBSE) and is the co-ordinator of the international pre-sessional summer course “Academic English for Chemistry Graduates” at UOC. She has also given many lectures and workshops on technical writing in Europe.

Her research interests include collaborative writing in ESP, Peer-feedback as a learning tool, Content Based Instruction for ESP, Dictogloss, Genre-analysis as a learning

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*Δωρεάν αντίτυπα αποστέλλονται αποκλειστικά σε Ακαδημαϊκό προσωπικό Ελληνικών Πανεπιστημιακών Ιδρυμάτων.

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